Fourth Summit Preparatory Committee (PREPCOM 4)
27 May - 07 June 2002
6 June 2002
by the United Nations Department of Public Information
· The Ministerial dialogue continued this morning
and afternoon, focusing on partnerships. Over 100 Ministers are
participating. In addition, an informal plenary session is being
held this evening to hear inputs for consideration in the political
· Negotiations on the “Bali Commitment” implementation
plan are continuing in consultations facilitated by the “Friends
of the Chair” Ambassadors of Brazil, Indonesia and South Africa.
To address concerns over the transparency of the meetings, the negotiations
were set up in a “Vienna format”, with one spokesperson for each
of the major negotiating blocs of countries. The talks had run until
one o’clock in the morning and had resumed today.
· Among the contentious questions, according to
senior UN official Lowell Flanders, there is a “logjam” on finance
and trade issues, including whether countries are willing to link
the agreements at the Monterrey Conference on Financing for Development
with programmes being discussed at Johannesburg. Although a number
of areas were being resolved, Mr. Flanders noted that it is very
likely that some difficult issues will be carried over to Johannesburg.
5 June 2002
than 100 ministers from around the world today began three days
of deliberations in Bali aimed at generating high-level political
commitments for action at the World Summit on Sustainable Development
Summit in Johannesburg is truly a chance to set a more hopeful
course of development for all of humanity,” United Nations Deputy
Secretary-General Louise Fréchette told the 118 ministers attending
the Preparatory Committee meeting in Bali.
“The challenge, as ever, is to match aspiration with action,
and promise with positive change in people’s lives.
We know what needs to be done. Now, let’s move ahead.”
Fréchette, in her address, said, “Johannesburg is meant to find
another way, a path that improves standards of living while protecting
the environment.” She added, “That relationship—between
human society and the natural environment—is the core concern
of Johannesburg, and is what sets Johannesburg apart from other
UN conferences and summits.”
welcoming the ministers, Indonesian President Megawati Soekarnoputri
said the Bali meeting could influence the Johannesburg Summit
by helping to build a strong foundation for sustainable development,
and make a “real contribution to humanity.”
“Ten years have passed since we adopted Agenda 21,” she
said. “It is time for us to follow it up with concrete programmes
are expected to conclude Friday on an implementation programme
— called the Bali Commitment. At the request of PrepCom Chairman
Emil Salim, ambassadors from Brazil, Indonesia and South Africa
are facilitating talks on the sidelines of the ministerial meeting.
“The key elements have all been agreed upon,” according to Johannesburg
Summit Secretary-General Nitin Desai. “What we’re aiming at now
is much more. We’re aiming at a good, strong programme
of action, and we will push these concerns as far as we can take
Chairman Emil Salim said the Bali Commitment would contain new
time-bound targets. “It
is a realistic plan and it is not
‘pie in the sky’,” he stated, “but to implement it, we
all have to be committed.”
4 June 2002
- Preparatory Committee Chairman is optimistic that
the implementation plan to be adopted at the WSSD will be finalized
- Chairman asks Brazil (host of the 1992 United Nations
Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), Indonesia (host
of the current meeting) and South Africa (host of the Johannesburg
Summit) to facilitate negotiations on implementation plan.
- The Ministerial Segment of preparatory meeting begins
tomorrow with statements by the President of Indonesia, H.E. Mrs.
Megawati Soekarnoputri and the United Nations Deputy Secretary-General
Louise Fréchette. It will
deal with how to implement Bali commitments, address the question
of partnerships and their roles, and consider elements of the
Summit political declaration.
far, over 4,316 people from 173 countries are participating in
the preparatory meeting, including 1,794 government delegates,
1,324 representatives of non-governmental organizations (NGOs)
and 181 journalists
3 June 2002
- Negotiations are continuing today on the implementation
plan for the World Summit on Sustainable Development. A revised
draft negotiating text was issued yesterday. Delegations met in
an informal plenary session this morning and afternoon, and an
open plenary is scheduled for this evening to assess where the
negotiations stand and decide how to proceed.
- Speaking at the daily press briefing organized by
the Department of Public Information, Lowell Flanders, a senior
United Nations official with the Summit Secretariat, said that
“fairly good progress” had been made over the weekend on oceans
and energy. Sticking points facing delegates included means of
implementation of Agenda 21, such as trade and finance. Most countries,
he believed had it in mind to complete negotiations on the text
in Bali rather than hold them over until the Summit.
- At a press briefing on water and sanitation issues,
Ministers from South Africa, Uganda and Indonesia and water experts
from the EU and US development agencies discussed several new
initiatives to increase access to freshwater and proper sanitation.
Several speakers called for the Summit to endorse a target date
of 2015 for reducing by half the number of people who lack sanitation
facilities, corresponding to the Millennium development goal of
reducing by half the number of people who lack access to freshwater.
31 May 2002
- At a
plenary session this morning, Preparatory Committee Chairman Emil Salim
expressed hope that the negotiations on the implementation programme can
conclude by the end of this evening, and he said that “the time has come
to clean the text by focusing discussion on the brackets,” or areas where
agreement has not yet been reached. Reports were heard from the Chairs of
Working Groups I and II.
aimed at finalizing the text of the implementation programme continued
this afternoon in an informal plenary session. According to Lowell Flanders of the United Nations Division
on Sustainable Development, this represents a different model of
operation. He said the work ahead was a “fairly formidable task,” because
while much of the document has been agreed upon, there are substantial
amounts of “bracketed” text. Flanders said that differences on trade and
finance are likely to be resolved only at the last minute. Some political
issues, such as foreign occupation—referring to the Palestinian situation
-- and issues concerning sanctions may be taken up during discussion on
the political declaration.
PrepCom also considered in plenary session the application of several
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to participate in the
World Summit. Regarding the Tibet Centre for Human Rights and Democracy,
an NGO, a motion by China for the PrepCom to take no action on the
application was approved by a vote of 90 in favour, 37 against, and 10
abstentions, effectively rejecting the application.
30 May 2002
Flanders, a senior official with the Summit Secretariat, said
that “overall, we are progressing quite well”, and it looked increasingly
likely that the working groups assigned to negotiate the text
would complete the bulk of their work by Friday.
- Critical issues still requiring further deliberation
included trade and finance, climate change, natural disasters,
oceans, water, sanitation and the establishment of a world solidarity
fund for poverty eradication.
The section of the document related to Africa was also
being further negotiated, as was the issue of how best to reflect
climate change in the text.
there is no agreement by the close of this evening, the Preparatory
Committee Chairman might convene a “committee of the whole” tomorrow
morning to tackle some key issues.
- So far, over 3,365 people from 153 countries
are participating in the preparatory meeting, including 1,342
government delegates, 931 representatives of non-governmental
organizations (NGOs) and 144 journalists.
29 May 2002
on the implementation programme for the World Summit on Sustainable
Development in Bali are continuing in three working groups, but
a number of difficult issues have spawned a host of smaller “contact”
negotiating groups. Among the issues requiring special attention
to resolve differences include trade and finance, natural disasters,
energy, promoting sustainable development in Africa, oceans, good
governance, a World Solidarity Fund for Poverty, and eco-labelling.
dialogues concluded today, with a major focus on partnership initiatives,
which will be an important outcome of the Johannesburg Summit.
The dialogues produced a set of pre-requisites and principles
that should guide the establishment of partnership initiatives
to be announced in Johannesburg. Further consultations are planned
during the PrepCom to work out remaining concerns.
United Nations Secretary-General’s High-Level Advisory Panel on
Sustainable Development held a one-day meeting today. H.R.H. the
Prince of Orange (Netherlands), one of the panel members, presented
his views concerning freshwater issues to the PrepCom Plenary.
28 May 2002
There are 2,960 people from 144 countries participating in the fourth
and final Preparatory Committee meeting for the World Summit on
Sustainable Development in Bali, including 1,156 delegates, 747
NGOs and 134 from the press, as of the end of 27 May. Whether the implementation programme should contain decisions
on specific types of programmes that should be implemented, or whether
it should be a more typical outcome document that provides overall
Lowell Flanders, a senior United Nations official briefing on the
status of the negotiations, explained that at the end of the last
round of negotiations at PrepCom 3, a compilation text of the implementation
programme grew to over 100 pages. A revised Chairman?s text, 39
pages long with 100 paragraphs, was now the basis of negotiations.
The negotiations were being conducted in various working groups.
Among the key issues that government delegations were working to
Whether a World Solidarity Fund for Poverty should be established.
An action programme on water to reduce by half the number of people
who lack access to clean water ? presently one billion people lack
access to clean water.
An action programme to reduce by half the number of people who lack
access to modern energy services ? at present, there are more than
two billion people in this situation.
Whether core labour standards should be endorsed, and what working
people should expect in the era of globalization.
resources and energy efficiency.
question of climate change and how the Kyoto Protocol will be reflected
in the text.
of trade and finance and how to take forward the decisions made
at the World Trade Organization Ministerial meeting in Doha and
the International Conference on Financing for Development in Monterrey,
ocean issues, questions on marine living resources, subsidies and
Good governance and institutional issues on how to take whole agenda forward
once it has been approved.
The multi-stakeholder dialogue is continuing today, in two discussion groups
focusing on capacity building and the framework for partnership initiatives,
respectively. The dialogue will conclude at mid-day tomorrow.
27 May 2002
Bali PrepCom for the World Summit on Sustainable Development opened
today to calls for bolder commitments that can achieve real change. Summit Secretary-General Nitin Desai said the main issue for Bali was not just to
complete negotiations on a programme of action but ensure that
the outcome document would be “bold and firm enough to meet the
high expectations that people have for the Johannesburg Summit.”
Environment Minister Nabil Makarim welcomed delegates and participants
in the Bali PrepCom, calling
the meeting “an historic opportunity to breathe new life into
are underway on a new Chairman’s text that will serve as the guide
for implementation efforts following the Summit. Negotiations on the text, which Desai hoped would become known
as the Bali Commitment for Sustainable Development, are expected
to be completed by the end of the first week.
of major groups called for stronger commitments by governments during the
opening session of the multi-stakeholder dialogues, which provide an
opportunity for major groups to enter into discussions with governments
and to offer recommendations and proposals for the Johannesburg Summit
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24 August 2006