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Joahannesburg Summit 2002
Basic Information
  FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT THE JOHANNESBURG SUMMIT


"TYPE 2" PARTNERSHIP INITIATIVES




Q. What are Partnerships for Sustainable Development?

Non-negotiated partnerships and initiatives to implement Agenda 21 are an important element of the outcomes of the World Summit on Sustainable Development. The partnerships need only be agreed by those, directly involved, who commit themselves to taking the partnerships forward and making them a success. They complement the WSSD Programme of Implementation and help translate the commitments into action.

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Q. What is the purpose of Partnerships for Sustainable Development?

Partnerships enable all stakeholders to make a concrete contribution to the outcomes of the WSSD. They are expected to improve the quality of implementation by involving those stakeholders whose activities have direct impact on sustainable development. The need to actively engage these actors in implementation has become more pressing in view of the changes brought by globalization. These Partnerships provide an effective vehicle to promote sustainable development in a globalizing world.

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Q. Are these partnerships meant to provide a substitute for actions and commitments by governments?

No, certainly not. There is no substitute for governmental action. Commitments by governments are the corner stone of national, regional and global efforts to pursue sustainable development. Agenda 21 is a testimony to that fact. However, to pursue the goals of Agenda 21 in a global setting that is considerably different from 1992 there is a need to broaden and strengthen the role of major groups in implementation. The Partnerships are meant to supplement and not to supplant actions and commitments by governments. Governments recognised and encouraged the relevance of partnerships for sustainable development by referring to them 46 times throughout the WSSD Programme of Implementation.

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Q. How will the Partnerships for Sustainable Development be governed or managed? Who will run or own them?

The Partnerships are governed by the partners themselves through a mutually agreed mechanism. The governance mechanisms may vary from partnership to partnership. These structures could be built along the lines of existing partnerships like the Global Alliance on Vaccine and Immunization (GAVI), the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), or the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) etc. These partnerships are owned and run by the partners themselves.

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Q. How are the partners selected?

These are voluntary initiatives. There is no formal selection process. Interested parties can get together and launch implementation initiatives to achieve the goals of sustainable development.

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Q. How are the partnerships for sustainable development selected? Are there criteria for selection?

An informal consultative process, that took place during the Fourth Preparatory Committee meeting to the WSSD (PrepCom IV), defined a set of guidelines for qualifying a proposal as a Partnership for Sustainable Development. There are no strictly defined criteria for selection. However, there are certain basic requirements that each partnership is expected to fulfil. Such partnerships should be regional or international in their scope. They should clearly define their targets, expected results and timeframe, arrangements for funding, monitoring arrangements, coordination and implementation mechanisms. And they should be new or substantially enhanced proposals to link to the WSSD outcomes. Each Partnership initiative is checked against these guiding principles before it is posted on the WSSD website.

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Q. How will the performance of partnerships be monitored or reviewed? What will be the accountability mechanism to ensure that partnerships are contributing to the goals of sustainable development?

Partnerships will be self-governing bodies with their own accountability mechanisms. It is expected that all Partnerships for Sustainable Development will have effective monitoring mechanisms to evaluate their performance. They are supposed to review their performance against the goals that they set for themselves. However, as they are also part of the implementation process in the post-Johannesburg phase, proposals will be further elaborated as to how to integrate the actions emanating from the partnerships with the work of the for Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD).

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Q. Are there any themes or areas specified for initiating these partnerships?

No. Partnerships can be launched on any area related to sustainable development, particularly the implementation of Agenda 21. Partnerships developed thus far for WSSD address all critical areas of sustainable development in all regions of the world. A considerable amount of funding and resources has been committed in a rather short time, and much more will be mobilized by these investments. While many partnerships are still evolving and require more partners and funding, the concept is attracting great interest from most stakeholders. It is therefore important to build on the momentum created by the Summit. Partnerships can make an important contribution to the implementation of sustainable development at all levels.

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Q. Can I still submit a partnership for sustainable development?

There is no deadline for the submission of partnership for sustainable development, as it is an ongoing process. Contact Ms. Monika Linn, at e-mail Linm@un.org after having completed the information sheet.

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24 August 2006